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Regional Bordeaux.

Regional Bordeaux.

Wine produced for the eight basic Bordeaux categories (appellations) is controlled by legally enforced rules pertaining to yields (the amount of wine produced per hectare of vineyard), alcoholic strength and permitted production techniques and additives. These can be vital elements in the quality of a particular wine

 

 Facts and figures with general information as well as where to buy or try them in London.  

Wine produced for the eight basic Bordeaux categories (appellations) is controlled by legally enforced rules pertaining to yields (the amount of wine produced per hectare of vineyard), alcoholic strength and permitted production techniques and additives. These can be vital elements in the quality of a particular wine.

The appellations are:  

Bordeaux AOC (red wine only) 223 million litres, made using Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Cabernet Franc with perhaps small amounts of Petit Verdot, Melbec and Carmenere.

Bordeaux Sec AOC (white wine only) 38 million litres, made from Sauvignon blanc and Semillon, blended with maybe a small quantity of juice from one or more of the permitted grape varietals , Muscadelle, Colombard, Mauzac, Merlot blanc, Ondenc and Ugni blanc.

Bordeaux Supérieur AOC (red and white wine) 45 million litres of red and 170,000 litres of white produced from the same permitted grape varieties as for Bordeaux and Bordeaux sec, but yields are lower while minimum alcohol is higher and the wines have to age longer.

Bordeaux Supérieur AOC Moelleux (semisweet wine) same rules as the above but with a higher level of unfermented sugar. Rarely found in London

Bordeaux Clairet AOC (rosé wine only) 520,000 litres of the kind of wine that made Bordeaux big in London a few hundred years ago. Rarely seen in this metropolis nowadays. The permitted grapes are the same as for Bordeaux AOC, however most Clairet is usually made solely from Merlot.

Crémant-de-Bordeaux AOC (sparkling white and rosé only).  In theory CdB can be produced throughout the vast Bordeaux region, using any grape variety permitted for the other red and white Bordeaux wines. Very few producers bother to make this champagne style sparkler and it is hardly ever sold in London.

Vin de Pays de l'Atlantique. (red, white and rosé wines) A catch all category for wines that don’t fit into any of the above categories. There are seventy six member wine makers of various size and status, including some single estate wineries and co-operatives. They produce 395,000 litres of mainly red wine. 

Most Bordeaux supermarket brands such as, Mouton Cadet, Dourthe Numero 1 and Sichel Sirius are sold with a basic categories label.